Yaqui is the name of a river that flows through Sonora, Mexico.
The language of the Yaqui Indians is "Yoeme."
The "Yoeme" or Yaqui are a Native American people who originally lived in the Mexican state
of Sonora and into the U.S. state of Arizona. The Yaqui call themselves "Yoeme," the Yaqui
word for person ("people"). They sometimes describe themselves as Haiki Nation, the Haiki.
They remained apart from the Aztec and Toltec empires. They were never conquered by the
Spanish, defeating expeditions of conquistadores in battle.
Hermano Ernesto's heritage is Yaqui:
Tia and grandma
Baby Ernesto at his birthday party and elementary school
Black Indians is a general term used to describe Americans who have significant traces of
both sub-Saharan African and Anishinabe ancestry. Black Indians were a part of Native
America tribes' identities throughout the Americas. Therefore, although no longer having
social, cultural or linguistic ties to the group, many in the general African descended
population are descendants of Black Indians.
Hermanas Rhonda's and Eulalia's heritage is Black Indian (Cherokee):
Grandma Leticia Steptoe Great uncle William Mast
(Black Cherokee) His mother: Great-great grandma Mary Cloud (Cherokee)
Hermana Eulalia - New Mountain Christian Methodist Episcopal Church lay leader
Apachean peoples lived in eastern Arizona, northwestern Mexico, New Mexico, parts of
Texas, and a small group on the plains. The Apachean tribes were very powerful,
constantly at war with the Spaniards and Mexicans for many years. The U.S. Army, in their
many battles, found them to be fierce warriors.
Hermano Ricardo's heritage is Apache:
Great Grandma Moreno (Apache) & Baby Ricardo Hermano Ricardo
Spanish attempts to dominate the Pipil (Anishinabe of El Salvador) and their remaining
Mayan speaking neighbors were met with fierce resistance. The indigenous people were
able to push the Spaniards into Guatemala. It took two more attempts (in 1525-1528)
to force the Pipil to be under Spanish domination.
Hermanos Andres', Walter's, and Jose's heritage is Pipil:
Abuela (Pipil) Hermano Andres
Hermanos Walter and his father Jose (Pipil)
The first evidence of human settlers in Guatemala goes back to 10,000 BC, although there is some
evidence that puts this date at 18,000 BC. After arriving in what they named the New World,
the Spanish mounted several expeditions to Guatemala, beginning in 1518. Before long,
Spanish contact resulted in an epidemic that devastated native populations. Hernán Cortés,
who had led the Spanish conquest of Mexico, granted a permit to Captains Gonzalo de
Alvarado and his brother, Pedro de Alvarado, to conquer this land.
Hermano Eswin's (far rt.) and family's heritage is Poqoman Anishinabe;
His father, Pastor Liquez (far left), ministers to Cakchiquel Nation in Guatemala;
His mother is in the middle: